The vast swampy delta of these two great Indian rivers, Brahamaputra and the actual Ganges extends over areas including of mangrove forests, swamps and forest island all interwoven in a network of small rivers and streams. The Sundarbans National Park India, home of the Royal Bengal Tiger, covering an area of around 1330.10-sq-kms and the largest mangrove forest in the world, form the core of this area. The Sundarban region has got its name from Sundari trees, once found in large quantity here.
The Ganges and the actual Brahmaputra form this alluvial archipelago involving 54 islands watered by the Bay of Bengal. The islands Goasaba, Sandeshkali and Basanti form the northern boundary of the actual Sundarbans; on the south is the sea; to the west side of the Sunderbans park is the Matla and Bidya Rivers and to the east is the international boundary of Bangladesh.
Flowers in Sundarbans National Park India
Intriguing life forms await you in this largest estuarine delta on earth, Sunderbans. In April and May the flaming red leaves of the Genwa, edge the emerald islands. The crab like red plants of the Kankara and the yellow blooms of Khalsi add to the dazzling display. As you penetrate into the forests of Sundarbans, this fairyland unfolds its mysterious beauty.
Major Wild animals Points of interest of Sundarbans
The Sundarbans forest is home to more than 400 tigers. The Bengal Tigers have adapted themselves very well to the saline and aqua environs and are fantastic swimmers. As you enter the adventurous wild land of the Sundarbans you’ll be thrilled to see the Chital Dear and Rhesus Monkey. The aqua fauna of Sundarbans include variety of fishes, red Fiddler Crabs as well as Hermit Crabs.
Other Points of interest In Sundarbans
The Sajnakhali Sanctuary :The Sajnakhali sanctuary, famous for its rich avian population, is regarded as a part of the Sunderbans National Park. The kingdom of birds at Sajnekhati enchants your eyes. The most searched for after sights by a bird watcher are seven colourful species of Kingfisher, white bellied Sea Eagle, Plovers, Lap-Wings, Curfews, Whimbrels, Sandpipers and occasional Pelican.
Netidhopani : At Netidhopani, the ruins of a 400 year old temple and legends lend mystery to the atmosphere.
Bhagabatpur : Bhagabatpur is famous for having a hatchery of the largest estuarine crocodiles in the world.
Kanak : Kanak is the nesting place of the Olive Ridley Turtles.
Haliday Island : Haliday island is famous since last retrest of Barking Dear in India.
Piyali : Piyali is the gatway in order to Sundarbans, 72-kms from Kolkatta by road and close to Sajnekhali, Sudhanyakhali, Netidhopani through rivers. A small river Piyali flows through the green paddy fields and mingles with river Matla. Picturesque Piyali delta bakes an ideal romantic vacation destination. A beautiful tourist complex with accommodation and recreation facilities is also situated over here.
Upon your way to Sundarbans you cannot manage to miss Kaikhali Island, where nature is so alive and so colourful. An ideal picnic spot.
Greatest Time to Visit Sunderbans National Park
The ideal time to visit the Sundarbans national park is during the months of September and May. Winter help to make the time to see the mighty Royal Bengal Tiger sun-bathing on the river banks.
Ways to get there
Air : The nearest airport is Kolkatta, at 112-kms.
Train : Canning is actually nearest railhead, at a distance of 48-kms.
Road : Road transport is available from Kolkatta for Namkhana (105-kms), Sonakhali (100-kms), Raidighi (76-kms), Canning (64-kms), and Najat (92-kms), which are all near the Sunderbans and have to the riverine rivers leading to it.
Waterways : Sundarbans are accessible just by riverrine waterways. Motor launch facilitiy can be found from Namkhana – Bhagabatpur Crocodile Project- Sagar Island -Jambudwip; from Sajnekhali – Sudhanyakhali-Buridabri- Netidhopan-Holiday Island; from Sonakhali – Gosaba; from Raidighi – Kalas.
More great attractions can be found in the Explore Wildlife in India page.