The Rock Fort temple complex in Tiruchirappalli is a conglomeration of three temples - the Manikka Vinayaka temple at the foot of the hill, the Uchhi Pillayar Koyil at the top of the hill and the Taayumaanava Koyil (Shivastalam) on the hill. The Rock Fort Temple,Rock Fort Temple,Tamilnadu Rock Fort Temple,Tamilnadu Monuments, Monuments of south India,The Rock Fort Temple This Shivastalam is a rock cut temple on a hill in the most prominent landmark in Tiruchirappalli (Trichy); reached by a flight of steps on the way to the famous Ucchi Pillaya temple.
This temple crowns a massive outcrop of rock, that soars 83 metres upwards, from the surrounding plains. It is reached by a steep flight of 437 steps, cut into the rock. Halfway up is the Sri Thayumanaswamy Temple, dedicated to Lord Shiva. It has a 100-pillared hall, and a Vimana, covered with gold. On the southern face of the rock, are several beautifully carved, rock-cut cave temples, of the Pallava period. Non - Hindus are not allowed into the sanctum sanctorum, at the summit. Built by the Nayaks, who were the founders of the city, it was one of the main centres, around which, the wars of the Carnatic were fought in the 18th century, during the British - French struggle for supremacy in India.
The Rock Fort temple at Tiruchirappalli or Trichy is said to have three main temples that include the Manikka Vinayaka temple at the foot of the hill, the Uchhi Pillayar Koyil at the top of the hill and the Taayumaanava Koyil or Shivastalam on the hill. However, the Shivastalam is most prominent of all. The Rock Fort Temple,Rock Fort Temple,Tamilnadu Rock Fort Temple,Tamilnadu Monuments, Monuments of south India,The Rock Fort Temple This rock-cut temple can be reached by a flight of steps and is on the way to the famous Ucchi Pillaya temple at the top. It enshrines Kangaala Moorthy, one of the 64 manifestations of Shiva. The 83 m high Rock Fort is perched atop the only outcrop in city that rises abruptly towering over the city. It is said that the rock is about 3,800 million years old and is one of the oldest in the world. It is said to be made up of quartz and felspar. To reach the temple at its summit, one has to climb the 344 steps hewn out of rock. The inscriptions at the top date back to 3rd century B.C. The surrounding walls are now in ruins but the Main Guard Gate is still intact.
The fort is said to have played an important part during the Carnatic wars between British and French for supremacy over India. The temple of Uchipillaiyar Koil is dedicated to Lord Vinayaka and it offers panoramic views of the city. There is Mathrubutheswarar of Thayumanaswami temple, where the prokection of the rock itself is worshipped as the lingam. The two Pallava cave temples belonging to 6th and 7th centuries have beautiful sculptures while the tank below is used during the Float Festival of the temples. The fort also encloses a house where Robert Clive lived when he was in Tiruchirappalli and an 18th century Church built by Reverend Schwartz of Denmark. Besides the Pallavas and the Cholas, the Vijayanagar rulers and the Nayaks of Madurai have made extensive contributions here.The Rock Fort Temple,Rock Fort Temple,Tamilnadu Rock Fort Temple,Tamilnadu Monuments, Monuments of south India,The Rock Fort Temple The Chittira Mandapam houses a granite chain with nine loops. It is here that the annual Brahmotsavam in Chithirai is held.
As the name suggests, the Rock Fort Temple is situated on 83m high outcrops. The Pallavas initially built this temple, but the Nayaks made use of its naturally fortified position and designed it again. It is a stiff climb, up the 437 steps cut into the stone to the top.
The Rock Fort Temple Tours The Rock Fort Temple complex in Tiruchirappalli is a collection of three temples, the Manikka Vinayakar temple at the foot of the hill, the Uchhi Pillayar Koyil at the top of the hill and the Taayumaanavar Koyil Shivastalam on the hill. Shivastalam is a rock cut temple on a hill and the most prominent landmark in Tiruchirappalli, reached by a flight of steps on the way to the famous Ucchi Pillayar temple.
There is a rock cut Pallava temple called Lalitankura Pallaveswaram in this hill temple complex, with several inscriptions here attributed to Mahendravarma Pallavan. In addition the Cholas, the Vijayanagar rulers and the Nayaks of Madurai have made extensive contributions here. The two storeyed Taayumaanava temples, built on a hill is a masterpiece of construction.
Six worship services are offered each day here. This well endowed temple celebrates the annual Brahmotsavam in Chithirai. Aadi Pooram and the float festival in Panguni are also of significance here. Built by the Nayaks of Madurai, it holds two temples dedicated to Shiva and Ganesha.
This rock also contains excavated cave temples dating to the 7th century A.D, famous for the fine sculptures.
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