History of Pondicherry

Pondicherry has a long history dating back 2000 years The region was at various periods ruled by the Pallavas and Cholas.Pondicherry History,History of Pondicherry,Pondicherry India History,Tourism in Pondicherry In the early 16th century, when it was known as Pulichery or Poocheri and under the rule of the Nayaks of Gingee, the Danes set up a European trading post at his invitation.

The Nayak was at times unhappy with the Portuguese who were the first Europeans in Pondy. But it is the French connection that made Pondicherry famous. Francois Martin, a Frenchman, established the modern city of Pondicherry between 1673 and 1680 when most of the trade with France was through this port. The French established their supremacy in this area by waging several battles against Dutch, the English and the Caranatic Nawabs.

Some of the famous Frenchmen who ruled from Pondicherry were Dupleix, De Sufferin, De Lally and Dumas. Pondicherry still remains something of its French flavour in its street names, policemen's kepis, spellings of names, the French accent which shows through in the pronunciation of English and Tamil words, a mixture of French words in ordinary conversation, and research institutions and monuments which are named after and dedicated to French heroes.

Pondicherry has a glorious history. Pondicherry History,History of Pondicherry,Pondicherry India History,Tourism in Pondicherry A lot of foreign rulers have been here including the Portuguese, the Dutch, the Danes, the English and the French. But out of all of them, the French have had the greatest influence with their rule spreading across centuries.

Tourism in Puducherry

Puducherry or Pondicherry is a beautiful and well planned city. The French element is noticeable everywhere in the city, and gives a distinctive look. The colonial government buildings, the beautiful avenues and the old cottages make this otherwise modern city exude a colonial charm shared by very few other Indian cities. Pondicherry History,History of Pondicherry,Pondicherry India History,Tourism in Pondicherry The major tourist spots to be visited during the tours of Puducherry include the beach, Auriobindo ashrama, Auroville, the museum, botanical gardens, and the Anglo-French textile mills.

Fast Facts

Area 492 sq km (including all 4 enclaves)
Districts 4 (Puducherry, Karaikal, Yanam, Mahe)
Population 973,829 (2001)
Religion Hinduism (88.67%), Islam (5.46%), Others (5.87%)
Languages Tamil, French, Telugu, Malayalam
Maximum Temperature 40 - 45 °C
Minimum Temperature 25 – 30 °C
STD Code 0413

Climate and Clothing

Puducherry usually has a year long hot and humid climate. The summer temperatures may cross 40 degrees in May or June, but usually the temperature remains between 26 – 38 degrees Celsius. During this season, light colored cotton clothing is advised. Hats, caps, sun screens, and lots of drinking water are must for tourists this during this time. The winter season starts from November and this is the best time to visit Puducherry. The temperature hovers around the 30 degree mark, while the north eastern winds bring in light showers. Nights are cooler and offer the best possible weather for a walk around the streets or along the peaceful beach. The monsoon arrives here during July- august. This is also a nice time to visit Puducherry. Umbrellas, raincoats and slippers come in very handy during this period.

More great destinations can be found in the Explore India page.

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