Kerala is a land cohabited by people of various religions and indigenous castes and tribes form the majority of the population. The heterogeneous cultural life of Kerala is reflected in the various fairs and festivals celebrated throughout the year.
Kerala has a rich historical background. Before Vasco Da Gamma’s discovery of India, the Phoenicians, Romans, Arabs, and the Chinese sailed to Kerala to trade in spices, sandalwood and ivory. Since then the seafaring traders had an influence on Kerala. India’s most literate state Kerala has own language and literature.
Women have a respectable position in kerala and they play an important part in the social, economic and cultural fabric of the society. Various martial arts of eastern countries of the world have origin from Kalaripayattu martial art of Kerala. Kathakali, the classical dance of kerala is one of the ancient dance forms of India.
Kerala festivals are also resemblance of the rich cultural heritage and people of all religions celebrate festivals with vibe and color. Temple festivals are celebrated by the Hindus and elephant holds a respectable position in the festival. Boat race is also an important festival of Kerala people.
An ethnic diversity is seen in Kerala. The Malayalis, which are the majority in the state, belong to the Dravidian group (local race) of early Indian peoples. Indo-Europeans migrants from the north settled in Kerala in earlier times. Some of the hill tribes has similarity with the with the Negrito peoples of Southeast Asia.
Hindus are majority in Kerala, Christian, Islamic also forms a larger sect. Jain and Jewish are minorities. Assimilation of east and west give Kerala a cosmopolitan environment.
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