The Language of Kerala, Malayalam belongs to the Dravidian family of languages. It is spoken by the Kerala people widely. It has is own alphabet and grammar. Originally developed from Tamil language it has various Tamil words and some words have origin in Sanskrit, other various Indian languages and English.
The literature written in Malayalam language is called Malayalam literature and it is a rich literature in every genre. Malayalam language has now universal presence as it is included in the syllabus of language study in many universities of the world including US.
Journalism and literature of Malayalam is also rich, around 170 daily papers, 235 weekly and 560 monthly periodicals are published in Malayalam language in Kerala. Malyalam is the most circulated daily paper in India.
Being the official language of Kerala, Malayalam is spoken by the majority of the population. It has three main dialects and other smaller ones. There is a difference between the colloquial and literary language. Malyalam is closely related to the Tamil language and it is different from Tamil in its absence of inflation of verbs.
The written tradition of Malayalam language dates back to the 9th century and the foremost literary works date back to 13th century. The script of the language is called Koleluttu (Rod script), which has its origin in the Tamil writing system.
Besides Kerala, Malayalam is widely spoken by the people of Lakshadweep Islands (Laccadives) of the west coast of India. Tamil is also spoken by a sect of people in Kerala. Hindi is also spoken by the business class in the cities and the Europeans and other immigrated sections speak their own language.
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