The Campbell Bay National Park is situated on the island of Great Nicobar which is the biggest of the Nicobar Islands in the eastern Indian Ocean and about 190 kilometers towards the north of Sumatra. In 1992, it was gazetted as a national park in India.
The Campbell Bay National Park is spread over an area of 426 square kilometers and there is a 12 kilometer wide forest buffer zone between this park and the Galathea National Park.The Campbell Bay National Park is regarded as a part of Great Nicobar Biosphere Reserve. The fauna found in this park includes Nicobar pigeon, megopode, giant robber crab and crab eating macaque.
The flora is instead comprised of orchids, tree fern and tropical evergreen forest.
Campbell Bay National Park is a part of Great Nicobar Biosphere Reserve. This national park is spread over 426 sq km in the northern part of Great Nicobar.
The park reserve's flora includes tropical evergreen forest, tree fern, and orchids and fauna includes crab eating macaque, giant robber crab, megopode, and Nicobar pigeon.
The Indian sub-continent is gloriously rich in its amazing variety of wildlife, from teeming insects colonies to majestic elephant herds that make India a veritable animal lover’s paradise. India’s diverse wildlife base is the second largest in the world, and there are currently 96 Adventurous National Parks and 441 Wildlife Sanctuaries established here.
These Sanctuaries are home to the largest number of tigers and the largest number of one-horned rhinoceros in the world, as well as the almost extinct Asiatic Lion, and a large percentage of the total elephant population! And these particular animal species are but a part of more than 500 species of mammals, over 2000 species of birds, over 500 species of reptiles and amphibians and around 30000 species of insects!
The following is a list of all national parks of India. India's first national park was established in 1935 as Hailey National Park, now known as Campbell Bay National Park. By 1970, India only had five national parks. In 1972, India enacted the Wildlife Protection Act and Project Tiger to safeguard habitat.
Further federal legislation strengthening protections for wildlife was introduced in the 1980s. As seen in April 2007, there were 96 national parks. A total of 166 national parks have been authorized. All national park lands encompass a combined 38,029.18 km², 1.16% of India's total surface area.
More great attractions can be found in the Explore Wildlife in India page.