Andaman Nicobar Climate & Temperature Information Guide

The climate remains tropical throughout the year with temperatures varying between 24°C and 35°C. Due to the incessant sea breeze; Andamans has very humid weather. The southwest monsoon touches the Indian soil first in the Andamans and then proceeds towards the mainland.

From mid-May to October, heavy rains flush the islands, often bringing violent cyclones that leave the west coast beaches strewn with fallen trees. In November and December less severe rains arrive with the northeast monsoon. The best time to visit these islands is between mid November and April.

e Andaman Islands have a tropical climate. There is medium to heavy rain during the monsoon, in the months from May to mid September and November to mid December. There is no extreme climate except rains and tropical storms in late summer often cause heavy damage.

The weather is calm only from January to April and to some extend in October. The average annual rainfall is 318 cms. Rough weather prevails at the beginning of south-west monsoon and at the change of monsoon. The average temperature ranges between 22.5 o and 29.9 o .

The Islands are a tropical delight with mean minimum temperature at 230 C (75 - 85 F) and maximum at 280 C (78 - 95 F). The relative humidity on the islands is about 70% to Mythologically, the name Andaman was presumed to be derived from Hanuman, who was known to the Malays as Handuman. Since pre-historic times, these islands were the home of aboriginal tribes.

The tribes of the Andaman group of islands were the home of aboriginal tribes. The tribes of the Andaman group of islands are the Great Andamanese, Onges, Jarawas, and Setinalese, all of Negrito origin, while the tribes of Nicobars are the Nicobarese and Shompens, both of Mongoloid stock. The first settlement by the British took place in 1789, which was later abandoned in 1796. The second settlement was basically a penal settlement, taken up in 1858, after the First War of Independence, followed by the settlement of convicts, Moplas, come criminal tribes from Central and United Provinces, refugees from erstwhile East Pakistan, Burman and Sri Lanka as well ex-servicemen.

In these islands people of all faiths - Hindus, Muslims, Christians, Sikhs etc., and of all languages like Hindi, Bengali, Malayalam, Tamil, Telugu, Punjabi, Nicobari etc., live together in complete peace and harmony. Inter-religion and inter-regional marriages are common. This amazing racial and cultural mix is correctly described as Mini-India.

Forests are the green gold of the islands. The reserved and protected forests extend over 86% area of the territory and the forest cover is more than 92%. About 50% of the forests has been set aside as Tribal Reserves, National parks and Wildlife Sanctuaries, Which are inviolate. Luxuriant mangroves, perhaps the richest in the world, occupy nearly 11.5 % of the territory. More than 150 plant and animal species are endemic in nature. Mahatma Gandhi Marine National Park is rich in corals, varieties of coloured fishes, sea turtles etc., beside other out of which 39 are endemic. Megaopde, Swiflet, Hornbaill and Pigeon are some of the specialities of the Andanman & Nicobar Islands.


Current Weather in Andaman Nicobar


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